How do you do antegrade pyelography?
An ultrasound probe or a CT scan will be used to first find the kidneys. Then, the skin over the kidney will be numbed and a needle is passed to the kidney. Dye is inserted to outline the renal collection system. (This is the part of the urinary tract that drains urine between the kidney and bladder.)
How is retrograde pyelogram performed?
A retrograde pyelogram is performed by injecting dye into a thin tube (catheter) into opening of ureter (tube draining kidney into bladder). This can be used to outline ureter/kidney anatomy and assist in placement of the stent.
What is the antegrade pyelography?
What is an antegrade pyelogram? An antegrade pyelogram is an imaging test to find a blockage (obstruction) in the upper urinary tract. Your urinary tract includes the kidneys, ureters, and bladder. The ureters are the narrow tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
What is a retrograde procedure?
A retrograde pyelogram is an imaging test that uses X-rays to look at your bladder, ureters, and kidneys. The ureters are the long tubes that connect your kidneys to your bladder. This test is usually done during a test called cystoscopy. It uses an endoscope, which is a long, flexible, lighted tube.
What is the difference between intravenous pyelogram and retrograde pyelogram?
Intravenous pyelogram – In which a contrast solution is introduced through a vein into the circulatory system. Retrograde pyelogram – Any pyelogram in which contrast medium is introduced from the lower urinary tract and flows toward the kidney (i.e. in a “retrograde” direction, against the normal flow of urine).
What is difference between IVP and IVU?
An intravenous urogram (IVU) is a test that looks at the whole of your urinary system. It’s sometimes called an intravenous pyelogram (IVP). It looks at the: kidneys.
How long does it take to do a retrograde pyelogram?
A dye is injected into the ureters through the catheter. X-rays are then taken of the ureters and kidneys. The test can take 15 to 30 minutes.
Do they put you to sleep for a cystoscopy?
For a rigid cystoscopy: you’re given an injection of general anaesthetic (which makes you fall asleep) into your hand, or a spinal anaesthetic (which numbs the lower half of your body) into your lower back. you will be lying on a special couch with your legs in supports.
What is antegrade and retrograde?
The word antegrade refers to moving or extending forward as opposed to retrograde which implies moving backward or opposite to the direction of flow.
What is the meaning of antegrade?
Definition of anterograde
1 : occurring or performed in the normal or forward direction of conduction or flow: such as. a : occurring along nerve processes away from the cell body anterograde axonal transport — compare retrograde sense 1c(1)
What’s the contraindications of retrograde pyelography?
Contraindications. There are no absolute contraindications to retrograde pyelography. Unlike intravenous pyelography test, is can also be done in individuals with poor kidney function.
What contrast is used for retrograde pyelogram?
The contrast that is used for retrograde pyelography is the same that is used for excretory urography (intravenous urography). Contrast is categorized by osmolality, of which there are 3 groups: isoosmolar, low osmolar, and high osmolar. As osmolarity decreases, radiographic density increases.
What kind of dye is used in IVP?
During an intravenous pyelogram, you’ll have an X-ray dye (iodine contrast solution) injected into a vein in your arm. The dye flows into your kidneys, ureters and bladder, outlining each of these structures.
How long does it take to heal from a cystoscopy?
You may feel the need to urinate more often, and your urine may be pink. These symptoms should get better in 1 or 2 days. You will probably be able to go back to work or most of your usual activities in 1 or 2 days.
How embarrassing is a cystoscopy?
Cystoscopy may be an embarrassing procedure for the patient. Exposure and handling of the genitalia must be performed with respect. The patient should remain exposed only as long as is necessary to complete the evaluation.
How long should you rest after a cystoscopy?
After a rigid cystoscopy: rest at home for a day or two – you may need to take a couple of days off work. make sure someone stays with you for the first 24 hours. do not drive or drink alcohol for at least 24 hours.
What does antegrade mean?
Definition of anterograde
What does antegrade mean medical?
Antegrade: Forward-moving. As in blood flow. Sometimes synonymous with anterograde.
What is the difference between retrograde and antegrade?
What is the difference between anterograde and retrograde?
The two main types of amnesia are anterograde and retrograde. People with anterograde amnesia have trouble making new memories after the onset of amnesia. People with retrograde amnesia have trouble accessing memories from before the onset of amnesia.
What is the difference between a retrograde pyelogram and an IVP?
Retrograde pyelography uses a special dye (“contrast agent”) injected into the ureters. The dye makes the ureters and kidneys more easily seen on the x-ray. This test is like an intravenous pyelogram (IVP). But with IVP, the dye is injected into a vein instead of the ureter.
Can I drink water before IVP?
Before Your Procedure
Do not eat or drink after midnight the night before the IVP. You may continue to take your medications with a sip of water.
How long does an IVP take?
An IVP study is usually completed within an hour. However, because some kidneys function at a slower rate, the exam may last up to four hours.
What can you not do after a cystoscopy?
Avoid strenuous activities, such as bicycle riding, jogging, weight lifting, or aerobic exercise, until your doctor says it is okay. Ask your doctor when you can drive again. Most people are able to return to work within 1 or 2 days after the procedure. You may shower and take baths as usual.
Do I need to shave for a cystoscopy?
√ You may eat and drink as normal prior to your admission. √ You should take any tablets/medicines prescribed under medical advice as usual (diabetics should take their tablets as usual on the day of admission). √ If you are having a flexible cystoscopy, you do not need to shave.