What happened after the Treaty of Waitangi was signed?
Shortly after the Treaty was signed, Lieutenant-Governor William Hobson proclaimed British sovereignty over the whole of New Zealand. His proclamations were ratified by the British government in October 1840. Under British law, New Zealand became technically a part of the colony of New South Wales.
What did the British gain from the Treaty of Waitangi?
On 21 May 1840 Hobson proclaimed British sovereignty over the North Island by right of cession and over the South Island by right of discovery. In June 1840 Thomas Bunbury, unaware of Hobson’s actions, also proclaimed British sovereignty over the South Island by right of cession.
Which agreements were included in the Treaty between the British Government and the Māori in 1840?
The 1840 Treaty of Waitangi was meant to be a partnership between Māori and the British Crown. Māori were promised possession of their lands, forests and fisheries for as long as they wished. Governments breached (broke the terms of the Treaty) almost from the time it was signed.
What problems occurred after the signing of the Treaty?
Settlement and land disputes escalate
After the signing of the Treaty, there was a huge increase in the number of Europeans wanting to buy land and settle in New Zealand. Problems arose when new settlers or companies representing them tried to buy land without consulting all of the Māori landowners.
What was the biggest impact of the Treaty of Waitangi?
The Treaty promised to protect Māori culture and to enable Māori to continue to live in New Zealand as Māori. At the same time, the Treaty gave the Crown the right to govern New Zealand and to represent the interests of all New Zealanders.
Is the Treaty of Waitangi legally binding?
“Currently the formal legal position of the Treaty of Waitangi is that it is legally effective in the New Zealand Courts to the extent that it is recognised in Acts of Parliament. The Treaty of Waitangi has no independent legal status.
What does the word Pakeha mean?
the white inhabitants of New Zealand
The Word Pakeha. Pakeha, which is a Maori term for the white inhabitants of New Zealand, was in vogue even prior to 1815. Its original meaning and origin are obscure, but the following are possible origins, the first being the most probable: From pakepakeha: imaginary beings resembling men.
Why did the British want a Treaty with Māori?
Most signed a Māori-language version. Reasons why chiefs signed the treaty included wanting controls on sales of Māori land to Europeans, and on European settlers. They also wanted to trade with Europeans, and believed the new relationship with Britain would stop fighting between tribes.
Why did Britain want a Treaty with New Zealand?
Reasons why chiefs signed the treaty included wanting controls on sales of Māori land to Europeans, and on European settlers. They also wanted to trade with Europeans, and believed the new relationship with Britain would stop fighting between tribes.
Is the Treaty of Waitangi still valid today?
The Treaty of Waitangi was signed in 1840 and was an agreement between the British Crown and a large number of Māori chiefs. Today the Treaty is widely accepted to be a constitutional document that establishes and guides the relationship between the Crown in New Zealand (embodied by our government) and Māori.
What were the negative effects of the Treaty of Waitangi?
It made it impossible for the hapu to make enough money to live a good life. The Government made laws which stopped them from living on and taking care of their land in the ways that they always had done. The Government stopped Taranaki hapu from controlling their lives. It destroyed their communities.
How is the Treaty of Waitangi still relevant today?
Today the Treaty is widely accepted to be a constitutional document that establishes and guides the relationship between the Crown in New Zealand (embodied by our government) and Māori. The Treaty promised to protect Māori culture and to enable Māori to continue to live in New Zealand as Māori.
How was the Treaty of Waitangi unfair Māori?
Which version of Treaty of Waitangi is legal?
In any case, the version signed at Waitangi and copied to London in 1840 is the official treaty, and legally there is only one treaty. Under the Treaty of Waitangi Act 1975, which reproduces the treaty in both languages, the Waitangi Tribunal has exclusive authority to determine the meaning and effect of the treaty.
Is the Treaty a legal document?
The Treaty’s legal status can change in the future but at the moment the Treaty itself is not a legally enforceable document (unlike a piece of legislation for example).
How many Moriori are left?
Currently there are around 700 people who identify as Moriori, most of whom no longer live on the Chatham Islands. During the late 19th century some prominent anthropologists mistakenly proposed that Moriori were pre-Māori settlers of mainland New Zealand, and possibly Melanesian in origin.
Can you be Pakeha and Māori?
Most ‘Pākehā-Māori’ were traders, whalers, sealers, runaway seamen, or escaped convicts from Australia. They settled in Māori communities, adopted a Māori lifestyle, and were treated by Māori as both Māori and as useful go-betweens with the Pākehā world.
Why is the Treaty of Waitangi not law?
That’s because it is currently accepted by the Supreme Court that sovereignty (or the right to make binding laws in New Zealand) lies with Parliament only. Only laws passed by Parliament are legally enforceable and the present view is that the Treaty pre-dated the transfer of sovereignty to Parliament.
When did Māori stop slavery?
The Treaty of Waitangi, 1840, outlawed the taking of slaves, and made all Māori British citizens, but did not affect pre-Treaty arrangements. Christianity preached the equality of all before God and some slaves were freed as a result.
Is Te Tiriti legally binding?
No. It’s important to understand that the direct impact of any Tribunal findings may be limited, as these usually aren’t legally binding on the Crown.
Who was the last full blooded Māori?
Riki Patrick (Rewita) left an annotation ( December 27, 2020 ) My father’s Birth cert states that he is recognised as Maori of Full blood. Born tolaga bay east coast at which is now a golf course, 60 years ago.
Are there any pure Maoris left?
In New Zealand, many believed there are no full-blood Māori left. It’s often been used by critics of Māori who seek equal rights and sovereignty. My results, at least, show there is one full-blooded Māori contrary to that belief. I believe there are more full-blooded Māori, they just haven’t done a DNA test.
Are there any full blood Māori?
Can non Māori have a Pepeha?
But the pepeha is also becoming an essential part of the work life of Pākehā and Tauiwi. Educator and linguist Keri Opai believes it’s appropriate for non-Māori to have and use a pepeha — you can read his interview about that here — but he says the pepeha for those who aren’t Māori must be structured differently.