How do you care for a paraplegic patient?
Tips for home care of Paraplegic patient
- Gaining independence using a wheelchair.
- Readjusting furniture for better access.
- Prevent bed sores.
- Inspect urinary catheter.
- Daily chores require assistance.
- Encourage hobbies.
What will your nursing care plan for a client with a spinal cord injury include?
Nursing care planning and goals for patients with spinal cord injuries include: maximizing respiratory function, preventing injury to the spinal cord, promote mobility and/or independence, prevent or minimize complications, support psychological adjustment of patient and/or SO, and providing information about the …
Is paraplegia a nursing diagnosis?
Nursing Diagnosis: Impaired Physical Mobility related to neuromuscular impairment secondary to paraplegia as evidenced by the inability to purposefully move and muscle atrophy. Desired Outcomes: The patient will be able to maintain his or her position of function as evidenced absence of contractures and foot drops.
What are the intervention for patient with spinal cord injury?
Options include soft neck collars and various braces. Surgery. Often surgery is necessary to remove fragments of bones, foreign objects, herniated disks or fractured vertebrae that appear to be compressing the spine. Surgery might also be needed to stabilize the spine to prevent future pain or deformity.
What are the complications of paraplegia?
- Loss of movement.
- Loss of or altered sensation, including the ability to feel heat, cold and touch.
- Loss of bowel or bladder control.
- Exaggerated reflex activities or spasms.
- Changes in sexual function, sexual sensitivity and fertility.
Do paraplegics need caretakers?
People with spinal cord injury (SCI) often need help with tasks of daily living. These include dressing, grooming, personal hygiene, and eating. They also include home management tasks, such as cooking, paying bills, and cleaning. A caregiver or personal assistant can provide that help.
What are the 5 nursing interventions?
These are assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation.
What are the 3 nursing interventions?
There are typically three different categories for nursing interventions: independent, dependent and interdependent.
What are 5 nursing diagnosis?
The following are nursing diagnoses arising from the nursing literature with varying degrees of authentication by ICNP or NANDA-I standards.
- Activity Intolerance.
- Impaired Gas Exchange.
- Excessive Fluid Volume.
- Caregiver Role Strain.
- Ineffective Coping.
What are the 4 nursing diagnosis?
There are 4 types of nursing diagnoses: risk-focused, problem-focused, health promotion-focused, or syndrome-focused.
What are the 3 spinal precautions?
STEP 1: Slide to the edge of the bed or chair. STEP 2: Place your feet flat on the floor. STEP 3: Put your hands to your sides with palms on the bed or chair. STEP 4: Keeping your back straight, push up with your hands and legs.
How much water should a paraplegic drink?
So, since all these things are worsened by dehydration it doesn’t take a rocket scientist to see that water and keeping hydrated is especially important for people who have spinal cord injuries. Most articles you read recommend between 8 and 12 eight-ounce glasses of water a day for nondisabled people.
What organs are affected by paraplegia?
Additionally, paralysis from a spinal cord injury can be referred to as:
- Tetraplegia. Also known as quadriplegia, this means that your arms, hands, trunk, legs and pelvic organs are all affected by your spinal cord injury.
- Paraplegia. This paralysis affects all or part of the trunk, legs and pelvic organs.
What is the main cause of paraplegia?
Paraplegia happens when there is damage below the neck. The most common cause is trauma, such as from a sports injury or car accident. Other causes are: Stroke.
How does paraplegic go to bathroom?
Place your leading hand on the toilet seat or a handrail that is easily within reach. Push down and use it to support your weight as you lift and swing to rotate your hips and body into a sitting position on the toilet seat. Reposition your body and legs (one at a time) once seated.
What are risk factors for a paraplegic patient?
Playing certain sports, such as football, rugby, wrestling, gymnastics, diving, surfing, ice hockey, and downhill skiing. A family history of certain inherited nerve diseases. History of cancer—can cause pressure on the spinal cord.
What are the nursing interventions for impaired mobility?
Nursing Interventions for Impaired Physical Mobility
- Encourage the patient to do as much as they can.
- Medicate for pain.
- Schedule activities around rest periods.
- Provide adaptive equipment.
- Provide passive ROM.
- Promote proper nutrition and hydration.
- Incorporate family and caregivers.
What is nursing management of a patient?
Nurse management is the process of directing teams and nursing departments to maintain best practices and organization when providing care to patients.
What is basic care in nursing?
Basic care means care essential to maintain the health and safety needs of an adult, but is not limited to, assistance with medication administration, medical needs, nutrition and supervision for safety as well as activities of daily living including assistance with bathing, dressing, hygiene, eating, mobility and …
What is a checklist in nursing?
Checklists in healthcare are defined as lists of actions arranged systematically that allow the user to consistently perform each action, record the completion, and minimize errors. In healthcare, checklists can help employees and staff achieve consistently improved outcomes.
What are full spinal precautions?
Spinal precautions, also known as spinal immobilization and spinal motion restriction, are efforts to prevent movement of the spine in those with a risk of a spine injury. This is done as an effort to prevent injury to the spinal cord. It is estimated that 2% of people with blunt trauma will have a spine injury.
What is spinal hygiene?
Spinal hygiene, much like dental hygiene is preventative maintenance. It’s used to preserve the health of one’s spine. The goal is to maintain or increase the amount of movement and flexibility in the spine. This would be good for any number of different people.
What should a paraplegic eat?
Paraplegics should base their diet on lean protein — particularly seafood, low- or nonfat dairy, skinless poultry, or plant-based sources like beans and legumes — as well as fresh fruits and vegetables and whole grains. Fatty cuts of beef or pork and full-fat dairy products should be avoided.
How do paraplegic go to the toilet?
What are complications of paraplegia?
Complications of Quadriplegia
- Loss of bladder and bowel control.
- Pressure sores.
- Blood clots.
- Respiratory problems.
- Autonomic dysreflexia.
- Spastic muscles.
- Related injuries.