## How do you graph a chromatic polynomial?

As in the proofs of the above theorems, the chromatic polynomial of a graph with n vertices and one edge is xn – xn-1, so our statement is true for such a graph, |-1| = 1. P(G”ß, x) = xn-1 – bn-2xn-2 + bn-3xn-3 – + , where an-1 is the number of edges in G’ß and bn-2 is the number of edges in G”ß.

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**What is chromatic number of a graph explain with example?**

The chromatic number, χ(G), of a graph G is the smallest number of colors for V(G) so that adjacent vertices are colored differently. The chromatic number, χ(Sk),of a surface Sk is the largest χ(G) such that G can be imbedded in Sk. We prove that six colors will suffice for every planar graph.

### What is the chromatic polynomial of a complete graph with n vertices?

The chromatic polynomial for a path graph on n vertices is k(k – 1)(n−1). Proof. Let us begin colouring the graph from the leftmost node. There are k choices of colour for the first vertex, and (k -1) choices of colour for the second vertex because it is adjacent to the first vertex.

**How do you find the chromatic polynomial of a wheel graph?**

Finding the Chromatic Polynomial for the wheel graph W5

- G=Nn, PG(k)=kn (Null graphs with n vertices)
- G=Kn, PG(k)=k!( k−n)! ( Complete graph with n vertices)
- When G is a tree with n vertices, PG(k)=k(k−1)n−1.
- G=Cn (for n≥3), PG(k)=(k−1)n+(−1)n(k−1). ( Cycle graph with n vertices)

## What is chromatic polynomial with example?

The chromatic polynomial is a graph polynomial studied in algebraic graph theory, a branch of mathematics. It counts the number of graph colorings as a function of the number of colors and was originally defined by George David Birkhoff to study the four color problem.

**How do you know if a polynomial is chromatic?**

Since PG(k)=kn when G has no edges, it is then easy to see, and to prove by induction, that PG is a polynomial. Theorem 5.9. 3 For all G on n vertices, PG is a polynomial of degree n, and PG is called the chromatic polynomial of G.

### How do you find the chromatic number of a graph?

Through the use of proper coloring, the chromatic number of a graph can be found. After assigning colors so no adjacent vertices are the same and the least amount of colors are used, simply count how many colors were used to find the chromatic number. There are 4 vertices, but only 3 colors.

**What do you mean by chromatic number and chromatic polynomial of a graph?**

## How do you find the chromatic polynomial?

How to find the Chromatic Polynomial of a Graph | Last Minute Tutorials

**What is meant by the chromatic polynomial of a graph?**

### What is the chromatic polynomial of a tree?

The chromatic polynomial of a graph P(G, k) counts the proper k-colorings of G. It is well-known to be a monic polynomial in k of degree n, the number of vertices. Example 1. The chromatic polynomial of a tree T with n vertices is P(T,k) = k(k −1)n−1.

**What is the chromatic polynomial of C4?**

Hence the number of distinct λ-colorings of C4 in which v2 and v4 are colored the same is λ(λ − 1)2. = P(Cn,λ), where P(Cn,λ) is the chromatic polynomial of a cycle with n vertices. Proof.

## What is chromatic number example?

The chromatic number of a graph is the minimum number of colors needed to produce a proper coloring of a graph. In our scheduling example, the chromatic number of the graph would be the minimum number of time slots needed to schedule the meetings so there are no time conflicts.

**What is the chromatic number of K3 3?**

Chromatic polynomial for K3, 3 is given by λ(λ – 1)5. Thus chromatic number of this graph is 2.

### How do you find the chromatic number in graph theory?

The minimum number of colors in a proper coloring of a graph G is called the (vertex) chromatic number of G and is denoted by χ(G). The chromatic number of many special graphs is easy to determine. For example, χ(Kn) = n, χ(Cn) = 3 if n is odd, and χ(B) = 2 for any bipartite graph B with at least one edge.

**What is the chromatic number of K 4 4?**

For the case k = 7, Kawarabayashi and Toft [19] proved that any 7-chromatic graph has K 7 or K 4, 4 as a minor. Recently, Kawarabayashi [17] proved that any 7-chromatic graph has K 7 or K 3, 5 as a minor. …

## What is the chromatic number of K5?

In this paper, we offer the following partial result: The chromatic number of a random lift of K5 \ e is a.a.s. three. We actually prove a stronger statement where K5 \ e can be replaced by a graph obtained from joining a cycle to a stable set.

**What is the chromatic number of K3?**

Solution. Chromatic polynomial for K3, 3 is given by λ(λ – 1)5. Thus chromatic number of this graph is 2.

### What is the chromatic number of K4?

Theorem 1.1

We observe that there exist { P 5 , K 4 } -free graphs with chromatic number equal to 5.

**What is the chromatic number of k4?**