What are the complications of internal abdominal injury?
Complications of abdominal injuries can be acute (eg, bleeding) or delayed (eg, abscess, obstruction or ileus, delayed hematoma rupture). The abdominal examination does not reliably indicate the severity of abdominal injury.
What are four signs and symptoms of an abdominal injury?
Symptoms and signs – Not all may be present
- history of injury to the abdominal area.
- bleeding wound or other obvious injury, possibly with visible intestines.
- severe pain and possible muscle spasm across the abdominal wall.
- nausea or vomiting.
- bruising of the skin.
What are 4 potential problems of abdominal injuries?
Muscle guarding, back and flank pain, nausea, vomiting, and even shock are possible with significant trauma to the kidneys. With enough force transferred to the abdominal area, intestinal damage and even bowel perforation can occur.
What are signs of abdominal trauma?
Early indications of abdominal trauma include nausea, vomiting, blood in the urine, and fever. The injury may present with abdominal pain, tenderness, distension, or rigidity to the touch, and bowel sounds may be diminished or absent.
What are 3 physical signs of internal bleeding?
Signs and symptoms of internal bleeding
- weakness, usually on one side of your body.
- numbness, usually on one side of your body.
- tingling, especially in hands and feet.
- severe, sudden headache.
- difficulty swallowing or chewing.
- change in vision or hearing.
- loss of balance, coordination, and eye focus.
What are the first signs of internal bleeding?
The signs and symptoms that suggest concealed internal bleeding depend on where the bleeding is inside the body, but may include:
- pain at the injured site.
- swollen, tight abdomen.
- nausea and vomiting.
- pale, clammy, sweaty skin.
- extreme thirst.
What are the five most reliable signs & symptoms of blunt abdominal trauma?
The most reliable signs and symptoms in alert patients are as follows:
- Gastrointestinal hemorrhage.
- Evidence of peritoneal irritation.
What are the 5 signs of internal bleeding?
What are two of the three classic signs of an acute abdominal injury?
- Abdominal distension suggests blood, fluid, intestinal perforation or acute gastric distension.
- Abdominal tenderness significant, especially if over the liver, spleen or renal angles.
- Generalised guarding suggests peritonitis, usually a sign of massive bleeding or perforation.
What are the three classic signs of an acute abdominal injury?
Abdominal tenderness significant, especially if over the liver, spleen or renal angles. Generalised guarding suggests peritonitis, usually a sign of massive bleeding or perforation. Pelvic instability or tenderness avoid repeated examination, which may cause blood loss.
What organs are affected by abdominal injury?
The most commonly injured organs are the spleen, liver, retroperitoneum, small bowel, kidneys (see the image below), bladder, colorectum, diaphragm, and pancreas. Men tend to be affected slightly more often than women. Blunt abdominal trauma.
What is the first symptom of internal hemorrhage?
chest pain. dizziness, especially when standing. bruising around your navel or on the sides of your abdomen. nausea.
What are the five signs and symptoms of acute abdomen?
The pain may just be in one part of the belly or it may affect the entire area. You’ll likely also have other symptoms like nausea, vomiting, bloody stool, dizziness, feeling lightheaded, or fever. Most causes of acute abdominal pain are very serious and considered medical emergencies.
What are the five complications of acute abdomen?
Common pathologies include appendicitis, bowel obstruction, perforation of hollow viscus and ischemia. The most common complications after acute abdominal surgery are wound infection, intra-abdominal infection, and the association of both.
What is the most common abdominal injury?
Blunt abdominal trauma usually results from motor vehicle collisions (MVCs), assaults, recreational accidents, or falls. The most commonly injured organs are the spleen, liver, retroperitoneum, small bowel, kidneys (see the image below), bladder, colorectum, diaphragm, and pancreas.
What are the four types of abdominal pain?
- Generalized pain — This means that you feel it in more than half of your belly.
- Localized pain — This is pain found in only one area of your belly.
- Cramp-like pain — This type of pain is not serious most of the time.
- Colicky pain — This type of pain comes in waves.
What is the most common type of abdominal pain?
The most common causes — such as gas pains, indigestion or a pulled muscle — usually aren’t serious. Other conditions may require urgent medical attention. While the location and pattern of abdominal pain can provide important clues, its time course is particularly useful when determining its cause.
What are the 3 types of abdominal pain?
There are three main types of abdominal pain: visceral, parietal, and referred pain.
What are 5 common abdominal complaints?
Less serious causes of abdominal pain include constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, food allergies, lactose intolerance, food poisoning, and a stomach virus. Other, more serious, causes include appendicitis, an abdominal aortic aneurysm, a bowel blockage, cancer, and gastroesophageal reflux.
What is best medicine for abdominal pain?
For cramping from diarrhea, medicines that have loperamide (Imodium) or bismuth subsalicylate (Kaopectate or Pepto-Bismol) might make you feel better. For other types of pain, acetaminophen (Aspirin Free Anacin, Liquiprin, Panadol, Tylenol) might be helpful.
What are the five common causes of acute abdomen?
Some of the most common causes of abdominal pain are appendicitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), pancreatitis, gallbladder disease, diverticulitis, and small bowel obstruction.
Is abdominal pain curable?
Abdominal pain usually goes away without surgery and most people only need relief from their symptoms. If pain persists or if you have any other concerns, see your doctor.