What is the rich-get-richer hypothesis?
(2002), proposes that those who already have strong social networks and social skills benefit the most from the Internet. That is, initial social connection or competence functions as a moderator based on the interaction effect of Internet use with extroversion.
What is meant by the rich-get-richer hypothesis for benefits of social networking sites?
The rich-get-richer hypothesis therefore states that individuals with the highest existing levels of support, a preference for social interactions, and without problems in social relationships would benefit most.
What is social compensation theory?
Social compensation refers to the phenomenon that individuals increase their effort on a collective task (compared with how hard they try when working individually) to compensate for the anticipated poor performance of other group members.
What is the poor get richer hypothesis?
Conversely, the poor-get-richer hypothesis proposes that especially socially poor adolescents (low on friendship support or high on loneliness) benefit from using social media, because social media use may help these adolescents compensate for the loneliness and lack of friendship support in their daily lives6,7.
Who came up with social compensation theory?
Williams and Karau first documented the social compensation hypothesis. The social compensation hypothesis states that there are two factors under which social compensation may occur: the expectation that other group members will perform insufficiently and if the group product is important to the individual.
What is social loafing with examples?
Social Loafing Examples. Tug of war, group homework projects, and an entertainer asking an audience to scream are all examples of social loafing because as you add more people to a group, the total group effort declines.
Why the rich are getting richer and the poor poorer summary?
From Reich’s essay “Why are the Rich Are Getting Richer and the Poor, Poorer,” it tells of how the economics are swaying, in today’s world, things are much better the rich are getting richer, the poor are still getting poorer, but there is a way to look at wealth in a different way to make it more equal.
What did Marx say about the rich?
The well-worn assertion that the rich get richer while the poor get poorer echoes Karl Marx’s theory of immiseration which said that capitalists could only become richer by lowering wages, thereby reducing the living standards of workers until they had no choice but to revolt.
What does the social compensation hypothesis tell us about the impact of the Internet on individuals who are impoverished socially?
The social compensation hypothesis suggests that people who struggle in face-to-face interactions (e.g. introverted, lonely, and socially anxious individuals) will be more likely to seek out and benefit from computer- mediated communication (CMC).
What is the Kohler effect?
The Köhler effect occurs when an inferior team member performs a difficult task better in a team or coaction situation than one would expect from knowledge of his or her individual performance.
Is social loafing a theory?
The concept of social loafing is also known as the Ringelmann Effect since the theory was first put forth by Max Ringelmann, a French engineer. He carried out a rope pulling experiment, where he assigned the task of pulling a rope to several participants.
What is the opposite of social loafing?
While the opposite of social loafing, “organizational citizenship behavior”, can create significant productivity increases, both of these behaviors can significantly impact the performance of organizations.
Are rich countries getting richer while the poor are getting poorer?
1] Inequality previously soared but is slowing down.
The wealth of the richest countries in the world has increased every year except for the last two. In contrast, poorer countries became poorer in the period between 1995 and 2000, and have since seen some improvement in living conditions.
Do you agree that in capitalism the rich become richer the poor become poorer Why?
The capitalist system is a system whereby the rich get richer and the poor get poorer, the rich can reinvest their capital whilst the poor have to continue to work and spend every penny they have on living costs. These living costs, including utility bills and food, are profits for the rich.
Do the rich get richer in capitalism?
No, it is not true. For many decades, the myth that in a capitalist country the rich become richer while the poor become poorer has been spreading all over the world – despite the fact that a quick glance over the facts would show that the economically freer the country, the less poor it is.
What is Marxism theory?
Marxism posits that the struggle between social classes—specifically between the bourgeoisie, or capitalists, and the proletariat, or workers—defines economic relations in a capitalist economy and will inevitably lead to revolutionary communism.
What do you mean by social loafing?
This phenomenon is called “social loafing”—the idea that some people put in less effort in a group setting. According to social psychology, social loafing occurs when there is a diffusion of responsibility and a shift of focus from individual performance to group performance.
What is the meaning of social facilitation?
Social facilitation is a psychological concept relating to the tendency for the presence of others to improve a person’s performance on a task.
What is the Ringelmann effect in sport?
The effect known as Ringelmann effect states that as group size increases, individual behavior may be less productive. If this decrease in productivity in groups is attributed to a decrement in individual motivation, it is called social loafing.
Who proposed the theory of social loafing?
engineer Max Ringelmann
Social loafing was first identified when French agricultural engineer Max Ringelmann was studying group performance, and found that groups (of people as well as animals) did not meet their potential, defining potential as the sum of the maximum output of each individual acting alone.
What is an example of groupthink?
Groupthink and Isolation
It is destructive to effective thinking. Some examples of groupthink include the following: A small country that is isolated from others and that is made up of people who want to believe that the country is a major world superpower.
What is a Ringelmann effect?
The Ringelmann effect is a reduction in productivity per individual that tends to occur as the numbers of people involved in a workgroup increase.
Why is the gap between rich and poor growing?
The main driver behind rising income gaps has been greater inequality in wages and salaries, as the high-skilled have benefitted more from technological progress than the low-skilled.
What did Marx believe about the relationship between the rich and poor?
Marx wrote that the power relationships between capitalists and workers were inherently exploitative and would inevitably create class conflict. He believed that this conflict would ultimately lead to a revolution in which the working class would overthrow the capitalist class and seize control of the economy.
What did Karl Marx say about money?
Marx sees the function of money as a measure of value as the primary property of money, which precedes all others ontologically and chronologically—“Money appears as measure (in Homer, e.g., oxen) earlier than as medium of exchange, because in barter each commodity is still its own medium of exchange.