Which industry is represented by the Blaenavon Industrial Landscape?
The landscape of Blaenavon, at the upper end of the Avon Llwyd valley in South Wales, provides exceptional testimony to the area’s international importance in iron making and coal mining in the late 18th and the early 19th century.
What was originally produced at Blaenavon?
The Ironworks is best thought of not as a single site but as an industrial landscape; an area of historic industrial production based on the extraction and processing of iron ore. During its heyday in the 19th century Blaenavon was one of the largest and most important centres of iron production in the world.
Why is Blaenavon a World Heritage Site?
The large area of land leased by the Blaenavon Company in 1789 forms the basis of the World Heritage site. It contained the raw materials needed to make the pig iron: ironstone, coal and limestone, and water to help power the machinery. The hills around Blaenavon have extensive remains of quarries and mines.
When was Blaenavon made a World Heritage site?
Blaenavon Industrial Landscapes was inscribed on the UNESCO list of World Heritage sites in November 2000 based on the numerous monuments and buildings of significance in and around the town and on its industrial landscape.
How old is blaenavon?
Blaenavon grew around an ironworks opened in 1788 by the West Midlands industrialist, Thomas Hill, and his partners, Thomas Hopkins and Benjamin Pratt. The businessmen invested £40,000 into the iron works project and erected three blast furnaces.
How many heritage sites are in England?
There are currently 33 recognised sites in the UK, and we look after places at nine UNESCO World Heritage sites.
What is the population of Blaenavon?
Blaenavon (Welsh: Blaenafon) is a town and community in Torfaen county borough, Wales, high on a hillside on the source of the Afon Lwyd. It is within the boundaries of the historic county of Monmouthshire and the preserved county of Gwent. The population is 6,055.
When did Blaenavon Ironworks close?
In 1904 the ironworks ceased production completely. Work restarted briefly in 1924 but was commercially unviable. The forges at the site were still being used and helped with the production of steel shell during both world wars but was mostly used as a storage yard for the National Coal Board.
Which type of cultural landscape is prevalent at Southern Öland?
Southern Öland is a living agrarian landscape where villages, arable lands, coastal lands and alvar plains make up this World Heritage property.
Is blaenavon a nice place to live?
As a result of its architectural beauty and the presence of the Big Pit National Coal Museum, it was recently ranked the 69th best place to live in the United Kingdom.
What does blaenavon mean in Welsh?
front of the river
The hills to the west of the town contain the source of the Afon Lwyd, the main river running through the county borough of Torfaen, South Wales’s easternmost valley. The name Blaenavon literally means ‘front of the river’ or, loosely, ‘river’s source’.
Which country has the most World Heritage Sites?
Italy is home to the largest number of UNESCO world heritage sites in the world. After the annual announcement of new sites by the UNESCO committee, the country now boasts 58 world heritage locations.
What is the most visited UNESCO site?
Most Visited WHS
|#||World Heritage Site||Visited By|
|1||Paris, Banks of the Seine||986|
|4||Tower of London||921|
What is the highest town in Wales?
Brynmawr (/brɪnˈmaʊər/; Welsh: [brɨnˈmaur], from Welsh ‘big hill’,) is a market town, community and electoral ward in Blaenau Gwent, Wales. The town, sometimes cited as the highest town in Wales, is situated at 1,250 to 1,500 feet (380 to 460 m) above sea level at the head of the South Wales Valleys.
What is the Welsh equivalent of English Heritage?
Cadw Membership, formerly known as Heritage in Wales, gives the member free admission to all Cadw properties and World Heritage Sites in Wales for the length of their membership (annual or life).
Which is the unique cultural feature of the Öland landscape?
The present agricultural landscape and the community of southern Öland have a unique cultural tradition which still exists in land use, land division, place names, settlement and biological diversity as far back as the Iron Age.
How do you get to Öland Sweden?
You get in by car or bus (Kalmar Länstrafik) from Kalmar over the Ölandsbron bridge, the longest bridge in Sweden. Biking over the bridge is prohibited, instead take your bike on the special bike buses summertime or ordinary buses otherwise, or take the ferry. Silverlinjen. Service to Öland from Stockholm.
What is the roughest estate in Wales?
The design and planning of the Gurnos estate borrows ideas from the Radburn system. The estate has become notorious throughout Wales, with the reputation of being an area of deprivation and crime.
What is it like to live in Blaenavon?
Blaenavon is a small, industrial mining town nestled among the Brecon Beacons mountains of South Wales. There is not a great deal in the way of nightlife but the people are pleasant enough and the place itself evokes a rugged, old-world charm. Blaenavon is an old mining town.
Which country has the richest culture in the world?
Spain. #1 in Heritage. #19 in Best Countries Overall.
What is the smallest cultural heritage site?
The smallest world heritage site is probably the Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc, Czech Republic. It is literally the size of a statue or fountain in a city square.
What is the oldest World Heritage Site?
The first World Heritage Site in the list is the Galápagos Islands. The 24th session in 2000 inscribed the most with 61 entries, while the 13th session in 1989 only inscribed seven sites.
Which country has largest World Heritage Sites?
Where is the nicest place to live in Wales?
Ranked 1st in Wales and 5th in the UK, Kidwelly in Carmarthenshire has topped the list. Famous for its castle dating back to the 12th century, the town scored highly for its natural beauty and quality of life.
Where is the most deprived area in Wales?
Blaenau Gwent had the highest percentage of areas in the most deprived 50% in Wales (85.1%). Monmouthshire had no areas in the most deprived 10%, and Powys only 1.3% (or 1 area).